Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests 7th Edition by Kathleen Deska Pagana, ISBN-13: 978-0323697033


Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests 7th Edition by Kathleen Deska Pagana, ISBN-13: 978-0323697033

[PDF eBook eTextbook]

  • Publisher: ‎ Mosby; 7th edition (August 24, 2021)
  • Language: ‎ English
  • 1200 pages
  • ISBN-10: ‎ 0323697038
  • ISBN-13: ‎ 978-0323697033

Understanding and performing tests, interpreting lab results, and performing patient teaching are made easier with Mosby’s® Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 7th Edition. This one-stop resource provides clear, concise, and consistent coverage of the most commonly performed diagnostic and laboratory tests. Valuable in academic and clinical settings alike, it is beloved for its full-color design, user-friendly organization, and illustrations that help clarify key concepts. Updated content with new tests and images ensures you have the most current and relevant information available.

  • Comprehensive and consistent presentation of tests follows a sequence that best simulates priorities in clinical practice.
  • UNIQUE! Clinical Priorities boxes emphasize priorities and procedure considerations specific to understanding and performing tests.
  • UNIQUE! Test Results and Clinical Significance sections describe the significance of the test findings and discuss the pathophysiology of the disease process and how it relates to the test result.
  • UNIQUE! Related Tests sections list additional tests related to the main test, including tests that provide similar information, confirmatory information, and other tests used to evaluate the same organ, disease process, or symptom complex.
  • UNIQUE! Critical Values sections indicate test values of particular significance.
  • UNIQUE! Home Care Responsibilities boxes focus on post-test factors for consideration.
  • UNIQUE! Icons indicate drugs that increase or decrease test values and patient teaching priorities.
  • Age-Related Concerns boxes address pediatric and geriatric priorities.
  • Results are provided in SI units in addition to others, when applicable.
  • NEW! Common Reference Range section on the inside front cover provides quick access to this essential information.
    • NEW! More than 25 new tests focus mainly on the areas of blood studies and x-ray studies.
    • NEW! Quick Tips for Using this Manual section in the front matter helps you use this manual easily and efficiently.
    • UNIQUE!Diagnostic Testing for Most Common Diseases sectionhighlights the integration of medical testing as it relates to a specific disease, clinical syndrome, or medical condition.
      • UPDATED! New images throughout the manual reflect the latest developments in the field.

Table of Contents:

Cover image
Title page
Table of Contents
Quick Tips for Using this Manual
Diagnostic Testing for the Most Common Diseases
Disease-Related (Directed) Testing
Chapter 1: Guidelines for Proper Test Preparation and Performance
Chapter 2: Blood Studies
Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody Panel (AChR Ab, Anti–AChR Antibody)
Acid Phosphatase (Prostatic Acid Phosphatase [PAP], Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase [TRAP])
Activated Clotting Time (ACT, Activated Coagulation Time)
Adrenal Steroid Precursors (Androstenediones [AD], Dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate [DHEA S], 11-Deoxycortisol, 17-Hydroxyprogesterone, 17-Hydroxypregnenolone, Pregnenolone)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH, Corticotropin)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulation (ACTH Stimulation With Cosyntropin, Cortisol Stimulation)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulation With Metyrapone (Metyrapone, ACTH Stimulation With Metyrapone)
Age-Related Macular Degeneration Risk Analysis (Y402H and A69S)
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT, formerly Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase [SGPT])
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
Allergy Blood Testing (IgE Antibody Test, Radioallergosorbent Test [RAST])
Alpha1-Antitrypsin (AAT, A1AT, AAT Phenotyping)
Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP, Alpha1-Fetoprotein)
Aluminum (Chromium and Other Heavy Metals)
Amino Acid Profiles (Amino Acid Screen)
Amylase, Blood
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE, Serum Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme [SACE])
Anion Gap (AG, R factor)
Anticentromere Antibody (Centromere Antibody)
Antichromatin Antibody (Antinucleosome Antibodies [Anti-NCS], Antihistone Antibody [Anti-HST, AHA])
Anticyclic-Citrullinated Peptide Antibody (Citrullinated Peptide Antibody, CCP IgG, Anti-CCP) and Anti-Mutated Citrullinated Vimentin (anti-MCV)
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH, Vasopressin, Arginine Vasopressin [AVP])
Antidiuretic Hormone Suppression (ADH Suppression, Water Load)
Anti-DNA Antibody (Antideoxyribonucleic Acid Antibodies, Antibody to Double-Stranded DNA, Anti–Double-Stranded DNA [Anti–ds-DNA], DNA Antibody, Native Double-Stranded DNA)
Antiextractable Nuclear Antigen (Anti-ENA, Antibodies to Extractable Nuclear Antigens, Anti–Jo-1 [Antihistidyl Transfer Synthase], Antiribonucleoprotein [Anti-RNP], Anti-Smith [Anti-SM])
Anti–Factor Xa (Anti-Xa)
Antiglomerular Basement Membrane Antibody (Anti-GBM Antibody, AGBM, Glomerular Basement Antibody, Goodpasture’s Antibody)
Anti–Glycan Antibodies (Crohn Disease Prognostic Panel, Multiple Sclerosis Antibody Panel)
Anti-Liver/Kidney Microsomal Type 1 Antibodies (Anti-LKM-1 Antibodies)
Antimitochondrial Antibody (AMA, Mitochondrial Antibodies)
Antimyocardial Antibody (AMA)
Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (ANCA)
Antinuclear Antibody (ANA)
Anti–Parietal Cell Antibody (APCA)
Anti-PM/Scl-75 and PM/Scl-100 Antibodies (PM/Scl-75 and PM/Scl-100 Antibodies)
Anti-RNA Polymerase Antibody (Anti-RNA Polymerase I, II, III, RNAP, ARA)
Antiscleroderma Antibody (Scl-70 Antibody, Anti-topoisomerase I, Scleroderma Antibody, RNA Polymerase III Antibody)
Anti–Smooth Muscle Antibody (ASMA, F-Actin Smooth Muscle Antibody)
Antispermatozoal Antibody (Sperm Agglutination and Inhibition, Sperm Antibodies, Antisperm Antibodies, Infertility Screen)
Anti–SS-A (Ro), Anti–SS–B (La), and Anti–SS-C Antibody (Anti-Ro, Anti-La, Sjögren Antibodies)
Antithrombin Activity and Antigen Assay (Antithrombin III [AT-III] Activity/Assay, Functional Antithrombin III Assay, Heparin Cofactor, Immunologic Antithrombin III, Serine Protease Inhibitor)
Antithyroglobulin Antibody (Thyroid Autoantibody, Thyroid Antithyroglobulin Antibody, Thyroglobulin Antibody)
Antithyroid Peroxidase Antibody (Anti-TPO, TPO-Ab, Antithyroid Microsomal Antibody, Thyroid Autoantibody, Thyroid Microsomal Antibody)
Apolipoproteins (Apolipoprotein A-I [Apo A-I], Apolipoprotein B [Apo B], Lipoprotein [a] [Lp(a)], Apolipoprotein E [Apo E])
Arterial Blood Gases (Blood Gases, ABG)
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST, Formerly Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase [SGOT])
Basic Metabolic Profile (BMP, Chemistry panel, Chem 7, Sequential multiple analysis [SMA] 7, SMAC 7, Chemistry Screen)
Bile Acids (Cholic Acid, Chenodeoxycholic Acid, Deoxycholic Acid, Ursodeoxycholic Acid)
Blood Typing (Blood Group Microarray Testing)
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN, Urea Nitrogen)
Brain Trauma Indicator (BTI, Ubiquitin Carboxy-Terminal Hydrolase L1 [UCH-L1], Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein [GFAP])
Calcitonin (Human Calcitonin [HCT], Thyrocalcitonin)
Calcium, Blood (Total/Ionized Calcium, Ca)
Cancer Tumor Markers (Tumor Markers [TM], Tumor-associated Markers)
Carbon Dioxide Content (CO2 Content, CO2-Combining Power, Bicarbonate [HCO3−])
Carboxyhemoglobin (COHb, Carbon Monoxide [CO])
Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA)
Cell-Free Maternal DNA Testing (Prenatal Cell-Free DNA Screening, Noninvasive Prenatal Testing [NIPT], Cell-Free DNA in Maternal Blood, cf DNA Screening)
Cell Surface Immunophenotyping (Flow Cytometry Cell Surface Immunophenotyping, Lymphocyte Immunophenotyping, AIDS T-Lymphocyte Cell Markers, CD4 Marker, CD4/CD8 Ratio, CD4 Percentage)
Ceruloplasmin (Cp)
Chloride, Blood (Cl)
Cholinesterase (CHS, Pseudocholinesterase [PChE], Cholinesterase RBC, Red Blood Cell Cholinesterase, Acetylcholinesterase)
Chromosome Karyotype (Blood Chromosome Analysis, Chromosome Studies, Cytogenetics, Karyotype)
Coagulating Factor Concentration (Factor Assay, Coagulating Factors, Blood-Clotting Factors)
Coagulation Profile (Coagulation panel)
Cold Agglutinins
Complement Assay (Total, C3, and C4 Complement)
Complete Blood Cell Count and Differential Count (CBC and Diff)
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP, Chem 12, Chemistry panel, SMA 12 [Sequential Multiple Analysis], SMA 20)
Coombs Test, Direct (Direct Antiglobulin Test [DAT])
Coombs Test, Indirect (Blood Antibody Screening, Indirect Antiglobulin Test [IAT])
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone Stimulation Test (CRH Stimulation Test)
Cortisol, Blood (Hydrocortisone, Serum Cortisol, Salivary Cortisol Total Cortisol, Free Cortisol)
C-Peptide (Connecting Peptide Insulin, Insulin C-Peptide, Proinsulin C-Peptide)
C-Reactive Protein (CRP, High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein [hs-CRP], Ultra-sensitive CRP)
Creatine Kinase (CK, Creatine Phosphokinase [CPK])
Creatinine, Blood (Serum Creatinine)
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl)
Cutaneous Immunofluorescence Antibodies (Indirect IFA Antibodies, Anti–Basement Zone Antibodies, Anti–Cell Surface Antibodies)
Cytolethal Distending Toxin B (CdtB) and Antivinculin Antibodies
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
d-Dimer (Fragment d-Dimer, Fibrin Degradation Product [FDP], Fibrin Split Products)
Dexamethasone Suppression (DS, Prolonged/Rapid DS, Cortisol Suppression, Adrenocorticotropic Hormone [ACTH] Suppression)
Diabetes Mellitus Autoantibody Panel (Diabetes-Associated Autoantibodies, Insulin Autoantibody [IAA], Islet Cell Antibody [ICA], Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Antibody [GAD Ab])
2,3-Diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG in Erythrocytes)
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Screening (DIC Screening)
Drug Monitoring (Therapeutic Drug Monitoring [TDM])
Drug Sensitivity Genotype Testing (AccuType)
Epstein–Barr Virus Testing (EBV Antibody Titer)
Erythrocyte Fragility (Osmotic Fragility [OF], Red Blood Cell Fragility)
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR, Sed Rate Test)
Erythropoietin (EPO)
Estrogen Fraction (Estriol Excretion, Estradiol, Estrone)
Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol, Blood Alcohol, Blood EtOH)
Factor V-Leiden (FVL, Leiden Factor V, Mutation Analysis)
Febrile Antibodies (Febrile Agglutinins)
Fetal Hemoglobin Testing (Kleihauer-Betke Test)
Fetal Scalp Blood pH
Fibrinogen (Factor I, Quantitative Fibrinogen)
Folic Acid (Folate)
Galectin-3 (GAL-3)
Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase (GGTP, g-GTP, Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase [GGT])
Gliadin, Endomysial, and Tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies (tTG)
Glucose, Blood (Blood Sugar, Fasting Blood Sugar [FBS])
Glucose, Postprandial (2-Hour Postprandial Glucose [2-Hour PPG], 2-Hour Postprandial Blood Sugar, 1-Hour Glucose Screen for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, O’Sullivan Test)
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G-6-PD Screen, G-6-PD Quantification, Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency [G-6-PD] DNA Sequencing)
Glucose Tolerance (GT, Oral Glucose Tolerance [OGT])
Glycosylated Hemoglobin (GHb, GHB, Glycohemoglobin, Hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c], Diabetic Control Index, Glycated Protein)
Growth Hormone (GH, Human Growth Hormone [HGH], Somatotropin Hormone [SH])
Growth Hormone Stimulation (GH Provocation, Insulin Tolerance [IT], Arginine)
Heinz Body Preparation
Hematocrit (Hct, Packed Red Blood Cell Volume, Packed Cell Volume [PCV])
Hemoglobin (Hgb, Hb)
Hemoglobin Electrophoresis (Hgb Electrophoresis)
Hepatitis Virus Studies (Hepatitis-Associated Antigen [HAA], Australian Antigen)
Hexosaminidase (Hexosaminidase A, Hex A, Total Hexosaminidase, Hexosaminidase A and B)
HIV Drug Resistance Testing (HIV Genotype, HIV Tropism)
HIV RNA Quantification (HIV Viral Load)
HIV Serologic and Virologic Testing (AIDS Serology, Acquired Immunodeficiency Serology, AIDS Screen, Human Immunodeficiency Virus [HIV] Antibody Test, Western Blot Test, p24 Direct Antigen, HIV-RNA Viral Test)
Homocysteine (HCY)
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG, Pregnancy Tests, hCG Beta Subunit)
Human Lymphocyte Antigen (HLA Antigen, HLA-B27 Antigen, Human Leukocyte A Antigen, White Blood Cell Antigens, Histocompatibility Leukocyte A Antigen)
Human Placental Lactogen ([hPL], Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin [HCS])
Human T-Cell Lymphotrophic Virus ([HTLV] I/II Antibody)
21-Hydroxylase Antibodies
Immunoglobulin Quantification
Insulin Assay
Insulin-Like Growth Factor (IGF-1, Somatomedin C, Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins [IGF BP])
Intrinsic Factor Antibody (IF ab)
Iron Level (Fe), Total Iron-Binding Capacity (TIBC), Transferrin, Transferrin Saturation
Ischemia-Modified Albumin (IMA)
Lactic Acid (Lactate)
Lactic Dehydrogenase (LDH, Lactate Dehydrogenase)
Lactose Tolerance (Hydrogen breath test, Breath test)
Legionnaires Disease Antibody
Leucine Aminopeptidase (LAP, Aminopeptidase Cytosol)
Lipase (Pancreatic lipase, lipoprotein lipase)
Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2, PLAC Test)
Lipoproteins (High-Density Lipoproteins [HDL, HDL-C] Low-Density Lipoproteins [LDL, LDL-C], Very Low–Density Lipoproteins [VLDL], Lipoprotein Electrophoresis, Lipoprotein Phenotyping, Lipid Fractionation, Non-HDL Cholesterol, Lipid Profile)
Liquid Biopsy (Fluid biopsy, Fluid phase biopsy)
Liver Function Tests (LFTs, Liver Profile, Hepatic Function Panel)
Luteinizing Hormone (LH, Lutropin) and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Assay
Lyme Disease
Magnesium (Mg)
Marijuana (THC) Test (Cannabinoid or Cannabis Testing, Tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] Testing)
Maternal Screen Testing (Maternal Triple Screen, Maternal Quadruple Screen)
Measles Rubeola Antibody
Metal Testing (lead, arsenic, mercury)
Metanephrine, Plasma Free (Fractionated Metanephrines)
Methemoglobin (Hemoglobin M)
Methylated Septin 9 DNA Assay (mSEPT9, ColoVantage)
Microglobulin (Beta-2 Microglobulin [B2M], Alpha 1 Microglobulin, and Retinol-Binding Protein)
Mononucleosis Rapid Test (Mononuclear Heterophil Test, Heterophil Antibody Test, Monospot Test)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae Antibodies, IgG and IgM
Natriuretic Peptides (Atrial Natriuretic Peptide [ANP], Brain Natriuretic Peptide [BNP], C-Type Natriuretic Peptide [CNP], B-Type Natriuretic Peptide [BNP], Ventricular Natriuretic Peptide, CHF Peptides)
Neuron-Specific Enolase (NSE)
Neutrophil Antibody Screen (Granulocyte Antibodies, Polymorphonucleocyte Antibodies [PMN ab], Antigranulocyte Antibodies, Antineutrophil Antibodies, Neutrophil Antibodies)
Neutrophil Gelatinase–Associated Lipocalin (NGAL, Lipocalin-2)
Newborn Metabolic Screening
Osmolality, Blood (Serum Osmolality)
Pancreatic Elastase (PE, Elastase-1, EL1, Fecal Elastase, Pancreatopeptidase)
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH, Parathormone)
Partial Thromboplastin Time, Activated (aPTT, Partial Thromboplastin Time [PTT])
Parvovirus B19 Antibody
Pheochromocytoma Suppression and Provocative Testing (Clonidine suppression test [CST], Glucagon stimulation test)
Phosphate (PO4), Phosphorus (P)
Phosphatidylinositol Antigen (PI-Linked Antigen)
Phospholipase A2 Receptor Antibodies (Anti-PLA2R)
Placental Growth Factor (PGF, Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1[sFlt-1])
Plasminogen (Fibrinolysin)
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 Antigen/Activity (PAI-1)
Platelet Aggregation
Platelet Antibody (Antiplatelet antibody detection)
Platelet Count (Thrombocyte Count)
Platelet Function Assay (Platelet Closure Time, PCT, Aspirin Resistance Tests, Bleeding Time [BT], 11-Dehydro-Thromboxane B2)
Platelet Volume, Mean (Mean Platelet Volume [MPV])
Potassium, Blood (K)
Prealbumin (PAB, Thyroxine-Binding Prealbumin [TBPA], Thyretin, Transthyretin)
Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A (PAPP-A)
Procalcitonin (PCT, ProCT)
Progesterone Assay
Prolactin Level (PRL)
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
Protein (Protein Electrophoresis, Immunofixation Electrophoresis [IFE], Serum Protein Electrophoresis [SPEP], Albumin, Globulin, Total Protein)
Protein C, Protein S
Prothrombin Time (PT, Pro-Time, International Normalized Ratio [INR])
Rabies-Neutralizing Antibody Test
Red Blood Cell Count (RBC Count, Erythrocyte Count)
Red Blood Cell Indices (RBC Indices, Mean Corpuscular Volume [MCV], Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin [MCH], Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration [MCHC], Blood Indices, Erythrocyte Indices, Red Blood Cell Distribution Width [RDW])
Renin Assay, Plasma (Renin Activity, Plasma Renin Activity [PRA], Plasma Renin Concentration [PRC])
Reticulocyte Count (Retic Count)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF, Rheumatoid Arthritis [RA] Factor)
Ribosome P Antibodies (Ribosomal P Ab, Anti-Ribosome P Antibodies)
Rubella Antibody (German Measles, Hemagglutination Inhibition [HAI])
Serotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and Chromogranin A
Sickle Cell Screen (Sickledex, Hemoglobin S [Hgb S])
Sodium, Blood (Na)
Streptococcus Serologic Testing (Antistreptolysin O Titer [ASO], Antideoxyribonuclease-B Titer [Anti-DNase-B, ADB], Streptococcus Group B Antigen Detection, Streptozyme)
Syphilis Detection (Serologic Test for Syphilis [STS], Venereal Disease Research Laboratory [VDRL], Rapid Plasma Reagin [RPR], Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody [FTA])
Testosterone (Total Testosterone Serum Level)
Thromboelastography (Thromboelastometry)
Thrombosis Indicators (Fibrin Monomers [Fibrin Degradation Products (FDPs)], Fibrin Split Products [FSPs], Fibrinopeptide A [FPA], Prothrombin Fragment [F1 + 2])
Thyroglobulin (Tg, Thyrogen-Stimulated Thyroglobulin)
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH, Thyrotropin)
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Stimulation (TSH Stimulation)
Thyroid-Stimulating Immunoglobulins (TSI, Long-Acting Thyroid Stimulator [LATS], Thyroid-Binding Inhibitory Immunoglobulin [TBII], Thyrotropin Receptor Antibody)
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone Stimulation Test (TRH Stimulation Test, Thyrotropin-Releasing Factor Stimulation Test [TRF Stimulation Test])
Thyroxine-Binding Globulin (TBG, Thyroid-Binding Globulin)
Thyroxine, Total and Free (T4, Thyroxine Screen, FT4)
Toxoplasmosis Antibody Titer
Transferrin Receptor Assay (TfR)
Triglycerides (TGs)
Triiodothyronine (Total T3 Radioimmunoassay [T3 by RIA], Free T3)
Troponins (Cardiac-Specific Troponin T [cTnT], Cardiac-Specific Troponin I [cTnI])
Uric Acid, Blood
Vitamin B12 and Methylmalonic Acid (MMA)
Vitamin D (25-Hydroxy-Vitamin D2 and D3; 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D])
West Nile Virus Testing
White Blood Cell Count and Differential Count (WBC and Differential, Leukocyte Count, Neutrophil Count, Lymphocyte Count, Monocyte Count, Eosinophil Count, Basophil Count)
d-Xylose Absorption (Xylose Tolerance)
Zinc Protoporphyrin (ZPP)
Chapter 3: Electrodiagnostic Tests
Caloric Study (Oculovestibular Reflex Study, Caloric Stimulation)
Cardiac Stress Testing (Stress Testing, Exercise Testing, Electrocardiograph [EKG] Stress Testing, Nuclear Stress Testing, Echo Stress Testing)
Electrocardiography (Electrocardiogram [ECG, EKG])
Electroencephalography (Electroencephalogram [EEG])
Electromyography (EMG)
Electronystagmography (ENG, Electrooculography)
Electrophysiologic Study (EPS, Cardiac Mapping)
Evoked Potential Studies (EP Studies, Evoked Brain Potentials, Evoked Responses, Visual-Evoked Responses [VERs], Auditory Brainstem-Evoked Potentials [ABEPs], Somatosensory-Evoked Responses [SERs], Sensory Evoked Potentials)
Fetal Contraction Stress Test (CST, Oxytocin Challenge Test [OCT])
Fetal Nonstress Test (NST, Fetal Activity Determination, Fetal Heart Rate Testing)
Holter Monitoring (Ambulatory Monitoring, Ambulatory Electrocardiography, Event Recorder)
Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS, Electroneurography)
Pelvic Floor Sphincter Electromyography (Pelvic Floor Sphincter EMG, Rectal EMG Procedure)
Chapter 4: Endoscopic Studies
Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy (Proctoscopy, Anoscopy)
Cystoscopy (Endourology)
Ductoscopy (Mammary Ductoscopy)
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP, ERCP of the Biliary and Pancreatic Ducts)
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD, Upper Gastrointestinal [UGI] Endoscopy, Gastroscopy)
Laparoscopy (Pelvic Endoscopy, Gynecologic Video Laparoscopy, Peritoneoscopy)
Sinus Endoscopy
Chapter 5: Fluid Analysis Studies
Alpha Defensin Test (Synovasure)
Amniocentesis (Amniotic Fluid Analysis)
Amyloid Beta Protein Precursor, Soluble (sBPP) and Tau Protein
Arthrocentesis With Synovial Fluid Analysis (Synovial Fluid Analysis, Joint Aspiration)
Breast Cyst and Nipple Discharge Fluid Analysis
Breast Ductal Lavage
Fetal Fibronectin (fFN)
Human Papillomavirus (HPV Test, HPV DNA Testing)
Lumbar Puncture and Cerebrospinal Fluid Examination (LP and CSF Examination, Spinal Tap, Spinal Puncture, Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis)
Pancreatic Enzymes (Pancreatic Secretory Test, Amylase, Lipase, Trypsin, Chymotrypsin)
Paracentesis (Peritoneal Fluid Analysis, Abdominal Paracentesis, Ascitic Fluid Cytology, Peritoneal Tap/Lavage)
Pericardiocentesis (Pericardial Tap)
Semen Analysis (Sperm Count, Sperm Examination, Seminal Cytology, Semen Examination)
Sexual Assault Testing
Postcoital Test (PCT, Postcoital cervical mucus, Cervical mucus sperm penetration)
Sweat Test (Sweat Electrolyte Test, Sweat Chloride Test, Sweat Conductivity Test, Iontophoretic Sweat Test)
Thoracentesis and Pleural Fluid Analysis (Pleural Tap)
Chapter 6: Manometric Studies
Esophageal Function Studies (Esophageal Manometry, Esophageal Motility Studies)
Plethysmography, Arterial
Tilt-Table Testing
Tourniquet Test (Capillary Fragility)
Urodynamic Studies (Uroflowmetry, Urine Flow Studies, Cystometry, Cystometrogram [CMG], Urethral Pressure Profile [UPP], Urethral Pressure Measurements)
Chapter 7: Microbiologic Studies and Associated Testing
Acid-Fast Bacilli Smear (AFB Smear)
Blood Culture and Sensitivity (Blood C&S)
Blood Smear (Peripheral Blood Smear, Red Blood Cell Morphology, RBC Smear, WBC Differential)
Bone Marrow Biopsy (Bone Marrow Examination, Bone Marrow Aspiration)
Breast Cancer Tumor Analysis (Breast Cancer Predictors, DNA Ploidy Status, S-Phase Fraction, Cathepsin D, HER 2 [c erbB2, neu] Protein, Ki67 Protein, p53 Protein)
Cervical Biopsy (Punch Biopsy, Endocervical Biopsy, LEEP Cervical Biopsy, Cone Biopsy, Conization)
Coronavirus Testing (SARS, MERS, Covid 19)
Endometrial Biopsy
Estrogen Receptor Assay (ER Assay, ERA, Estradiol Receptor)
Fungal Infection Testing (Antifungal Antibodies, Beta-D-glucan (1 → 3)-ß-D-glucan, Fungitell, Fungal Culture, Fungal Antigen Assay, Fungal PCR Testing)
Herpes Simplex (Herpesvirus Types 1 and 2, Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 and 2 [HSV 1 and 2], Herpes Genitalis)
Liver Biopsy
Lung Biopsy
Lung Cancer Molecular Testing (Lung Cancer Genomic Testing, AKT1, ALK, BRAF, Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor [EGFR], HER2, KRAS, MEK1, MET, NRAS, PIK3CA, RET, and ROS1)
Pancreatobiliary FISH Testing
Papanicolaou Test (Pap Test, Pap Smear, Cytologic Test for Cancer, Liquid-Based Cervical Cytology [LBCC], ThinPrep)
Parkinson Disease Testing
Pleural Biopsy
Primary Immunodeficiency Genetic Testing (PID Genetic Testing, Genetic Testing for PID)
Progesterone Receptor Assay (PR Assay, PRA, PgR)
Prostate Cancer Genomics (Prostate Cancer Molecular Testing, Oncotype DX Prostate Genotyping, Prolaris, ProMark, Decipher)
Renal Biopsy (Kidney Biopsy)
Sexually Transmitted Disease Testing (Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Testing, STD Culture, Culture of Cervix, Urethra, and Anus)
Skin Biopsy (Cutaneous Immunofluorescence Biopsy, Skin Biopsy Antibodies, Skin Immunohistopathology, Direct Immunofluorescence Antibody Test)
Sputum Culture and Sensitivity (Sputum C&S, Sputum Culture, and Gram Stain)
Sputum Cytology
Throat and Nose Cultures and Sensitivity
Thyroid Cancer Genomic Testing (Gene Expression Classifier (GEC), Gene Sequencing Classifier, Medullary Thyroid Malignancy Classifier [MTC], BRAF Gene)
Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB, Skinny-Needle Thyroid Biopsy, Fine Needle Aspiration [FNA])
Tuberculosis Culture (TB Culture, BACTEC Method, Polymerase Chain Reaction, AFB Smear)
Tuberculosis Testing (TB Testing, Interferon Gamma Release Assay [IGRA, T-Spot.TB], QuantiFERON-TB Gold [QFT, QFT-G, TB Gold Test, TB Blood Test], Nucleic Acid Amplification for TB [NAAT], TB Antibody)
Varicella Virus Testing (Antibody Testing for Varicella Zoster Virus, Varicella Zoster Virus [VZV], Herpes Virus-3)
Virus Testing
Wound and Soft-Tissue Culture and Sensitivity (C&S)
Zika Virus (ZIKV)
Chapter 8: Nuclear Scanning
Bleeding Scan (Gastrointestinal Bleeding Scan, Abdominal Scintigraphy, GI Scintigraphy)
Bone Scan
Brain Scan (Cisternogram, Cerebral Blood Flow, DaT Scan)
Cardiac Nuclear Scan (Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Myocardial Perfusion Imaging, Myocardial Scan, Cardiac Scan, Heart Scan, Thallium Scan, MUGA Scan, Isonitrile Scan, Sestamibi Cardiac Scan, Cardiac Flow Studies, and Nuclear Stress Test)
Gallbladder Nuclear Scanning (Hepatobiliary Scintigraphy, Hepatobiliary Imaging, Biliary Tract Radionuclide Scan, Cholescintigraphy, DISIDA Scanning, HIDA Scanning, IDA Gallbladder Scanning)
Gallium Scan
Gastric Emptying Scan
Gastroesophageal Reflux Scan (GE Reflux Scan, Aspiration Scan)
Liver/Spleen Scanning (Liver Scanning)
Lung Scan (Ventilation/Perfusion Scanning [VPS], V/Q Scan)
Meckel Diverticulum Nuclear Scan
Octreotide Scan (Carcinoid Nuclear Scan, MIBG Scintigraphy, Neuroendocrine Nuclear Scan)
Parathyroid Scan (Parathyroid Scintigraphy)
Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)
ProstaScint Scan (Radioimmunoscintigraphy [RIS])
Renal Scanning (Kidney Scan, Radiorenography, Renography, Radionuclide Renal Imaging, Nuclear Imaging of the Kidney, DSMA Renal Scan, DTPA Renal Scan, Captopril Renal Scan)
Salivary Gland Nuclear Imaging (Parotid Gland Nuclear Imaging)
Scrotal Nuclear Imaging (Scrotal Scan, Testicular Imaging)
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy (SLNB, Lymphoscintigraphy, lymph node biopsy)
Thyroid Scanning (Thyroid Scintiscan)
Total Blood Volume (TBV, Red Blood Cell [RBC] Volume)
WBC Scan (Inflammatory Scan)
Chapter 9: Stool Tests
Apt Test (Downey Test, Qualitative Fetal Hemoglobin Stool Test, Stool for Swallowed Blood)
Clostridium difficile Testing (C. diff., Clostridial Toxin Assay)
Fecal Calprotectin
Fecal Fat (Fat Absorption, Quantitative Stool Fat Determination)
Stool Cancer Screening (Stool for Occult Blood, Stool for OB, Fecal Occult Blood Test [FOBT], Fecal Immunochemical Test [FIT], DNA Stool Sample, Colon Cancer Screening)
Stool Culture (Stool for Culture and Sensitivity [Stool C&S], Stool for Ova and Parasites [O&P])
Stool for Leukocytes (White Blood Cell Stool Test, Fecal Leukocyte Stain, Stool for White Cells)
Chapter 10: Ultrasound Studies
Abdominal Ultrasonography (US Abdomen, Abdominal Sonography; Echography; Ultrasonography of the Kidney, US renal, Bladder, Liver, Pancreatobiliary System, Gallbladder, US Right Upper Quadrant [RUQ], Pancreas, Biliary Tree, Renal Ultrasound)
Breast Ultrasonography (Ultrasound Mammography, Breast Sonogram)
Carotid Artery Duplex Scan (Carotid Duplex Ultrasound [CDUS])
Contraceptive Device Localization (Intrauterine Device [IUD] Localization)
Echocardiography (Cardiac Echography, Heart Sonography, Transthoracic Echocardiography [TTE])
Fetal Biophysical Profile (BPP)
Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST)
Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS, Intracoronary Ultrasound)
Ocular and Orbit Ultrasonography
Pelvic Ultrasonography (Obstetric Echography, Pregnant Uterus Ultrasonography, Pelvic Ultrasonography in Pregnancy, Obstetric Ultrasonography, Vaginal Ultrasonography)
Prostate and Rectal Sonography (Transrectal Ultrasound)
Scrotal Ultrasonography (Ultrasound of Testes)
Thyroid Ultrasonography (Thyroid Echography, Thyroid Sonography)
Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
Vascular Ultrasound Studies (Venous/Arterial Doppler Ultrasound, Venous/Arterial Duplex Scan)
Chapter 11: Urine Studies
Amylase, Urine
Bence-Jones Protein (Free Kappa and Lambda Light Chains)
11 Beta-Prostaglandin F(2) Alpha, Urine
Bladder Cancer Markers (Bladder Tumor Antigen [BTA], Nuclear Matrix Protein 22 [NMP22])
Bone Turnover Markers (BTMs, N-Telopeptide [NTx], Bone Collagen Equivalents [BCEs], Osteocalcin [Bone G1a Protein, BGP, Osteocalc], Pyridinium [PYD] Crosslinks, Bone-Specific Alkaline Phosphatase [BSAP], Amino-Terminal Propeptide of Type 1 Procollagen [P1 NP], C-Telopeptide [CTx])
Chloride, Urine (CI)
Cortisol, Urine (Hydrocortisone, Urine Cortisol, Free Cortisol)
Delta-Aminolevulinic Acid (Aminolevulinic Acid [ALA], δ-ALA)
Glucose, Urine (Urine Sugar)
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OCHS)
5-Hydroxindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA)
17-Ketosteroid (17-KS)
Kidney Stone Analysis (Calculus Stone Analysis)
Microalbumin (MA)
Microglobulin (Beta-2 Microglobulin [B2M], Alpha 1 Microglobulin, and Retinol-Binding Protein)
Nicotine and Metabolites (Nicotine, Cotinine, 3-Hydroxy-Cotinine, Nornicotine, Anabasine)
Osmolality, Urine
Porphyrins and Porphobilinogens (Uroporphyrins, Coproporphyrin, Free Erythrocyte Protoporphyrin [FEP])
Potassium, Urine (K)
Sodium, Urine (Na)
Substance Abuse Testing (Urine Drug Testing, Drug Screening)
Uric Acid, Urine
Urinalysis (UA)
Urine Culture and Sensitivity (Urine C&S)
Vanillylmandelic Acid (VMA), Homovanillic Acid (HVA), and Catecholamines (Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, Metanephrine, Normetanephrine, Dopamine)
Water Deprivation (Antidiuretic Hormone [ADH] Stimulation)
Chapter 12: X-Ray Studies
Arteriography (Angiography; Renal, Mesenteric, Adrenal, Cerebral, and Lower Extremity Arteriography)
Barium Enema (BE, Lower GI Series)
Barium Swallow (Esophagogram)
Bone Densitometry (Bone Mineral Content [BMC], Bone Absorptiometry, Bone Mineral Density [BMD], DEXA Scan)
Bone (Long) X-Rays
Cardiac Catheterization (Coronary Angiography, Angiocardiography, Ventriculography)
Chest X-Ray (CXR)
Computed Tomography, Abdomen and Pelvis (CAT Scan, Abdomen and Pelvis; CT Scan, Abdomen and Pelvis; Helical/Spiral CT Scan, Abdomen and Pelvis; CT Angiography; CT Colonoscopy; Virtual Colonoscopy)
Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA, CT Arteriography, CT Angiography)
Computed Tomography, Chest (Chest CT Scan; Helical/Spiral CT Scan, Chest)
Computed Tomography, Extremity (CT Extremity; CT Lower Extremity; CT Upper Extremity; CT of the Shoulder, Wrist, Hand, Knee, Hip, Ankle, Foot)
Computed Tomography, Head (CT scan, Head; CT Scan, Brain; Computerized Axial Transverse Tomography [CATT]; Helical/Spiral CT Scan, Head)
Computed Tomography, Heart (Coronary CT Angiography, Coronary Calcium Score)
Computed Tomography, Neck (CT Neck, CT Soft Tissue Neck)
Computed Tomography, Spine (CT Cervical Spine [CT C-Spine], CT Thoracic Spine [CT T-Spine], CT Lumbosacral Spine [CT LS-Spine])
Cystography (Cystourethrography, Voiding Cystography, Voiding Cystourethrography [VCUG])
Dental X-Ray (Dental Radiography)
Hysterosalpingography (Uterotubography, Uterosalpingography, Hysterogram)
Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder X-Ray (KUB, Flat Plate of the Abdomen, Plain Film of the Abdomen, Scout Film)
Mammography (Mammogram, Digital Mammography)
Myelography (Myelogram, CT Myelography)
Obstruction Series
Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography (PTC, PTHC)
Pyelography (Intravenous Pyelography [IVP], Excretory Urography [EUG], Intravenous Urography [IUG, IVU], Retrograde Pyelography, Antegrade Pyelography)
Skull X-Ray
Small Bowel Follow-Through (SBF, Small Bowel Enema)
Spinal X-Rays (Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral, or Coccygeal X-Ray Studies)
Swallowing Examination (Videofluoroscopy Swallowing Examination)
T-Tube and Operative Cholangiography
Upper Gastrointestinal Tract X-Ray (Upper GI Series, UGI)
Venography (Phlebography, Venogram)
Chapter 13: Miscellaneous Studies
Allergy Skin Testing
Bioterrorism Infectious Agents Testing (Botulism, Anthrax, Hemorrhagic Fever, Plague, Smallpox, Tularemia, Brucellosis)
Breast Cancer Genomics (Oncotype DX Genotyping, MammaPrint)
Cell Culture Drug Resistance Testing (CCDRT, Chemosensitivity Assay, Drug Response Assay)
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS, Chorionic Villus Biopsy [CVB])
Colorectal Cancer Tumor Analysis (Microsatellite Instability [MSI] Testing, DNA Mismatch Repair [MMR] Genetic Testing, BRAF Mutation Analysis, Oncotype DX Colon Cancer Assay)
Fluorescein Angiography (FA, Ocular Photography)
Genetic Testing (Breast Cancer [BRCA] and Ovarian Cancer, Colon Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, Tay-Sachs Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Melanoma, Hemochromatosis, Thyroid Cancer, Paternity [Parentage Analysis] and Forensic Genetic Testing)
Helicobacter pylori Testing (Campylobacter pylori, Anti–Helicobacter pylori Immunoglobulin G [IgG] Antibody, Campylobacter-Like Organism [CLO] Test, Rapid Urease Test, H. pylori Antigen Stool Test, Urea Breath Test [UBT, H. pylori Breath Test])
Laboratory Genetics
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging [NMRI])
Oximetry (Pulse Oximetry, Ear Oximetry, Oxygen Saturation)
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs)
Sleep Studies (Polysomnography [PSG], Multiple Sleep Latency Tests [MSLT], Multiple Wake Test [MWT])
Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth Test (SIBO Test, Lactulose Breath Test, Breath Test)
Tuberculin Skin Testing (TST, Tuberculin Test, Mantoux Test, PPD Test)
Urea Breath Test (UBT, H. pylori Breath Test)
Illustration Credits
Alphabetical List of Tests
Panel Testing
Basic metabolic panel (BMP)
Cardiac enzymes
Cardiac risk predictors
Coagulation profile
Complete blood count (CBC)
Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) screen
Lipid profile
Liver profile
Metabolic assay
Renal function
Thyroid function studies
Abbreviations for Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests
Inside Back Cover
Inside Back Cover-2

Kathleen Deska Pagana, PhD, RN is Professor Emeritus, Department of Nursing, Lycoming College, Williamsport, Pennsylvania and President, Pagana Keynotes & Presentations. Timothy J. Pagana, MD, FACS is Medical Director Emeritus at the Kathryn Candor Lundy Breast Health Center, Susquehanna Health System, Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Theresa Noel Pagana, MD, FAAEM, is an Emergency Medicine Physician, Virtua Voorhees Hospital, Voorhees, New Jersey.

Timothy J. Pagana is a retired Medical Director at the Kathryn Candor Lundy Breast Health Center, Susquehanna Health System, Williamsport, Pennsylvania.

Theresa Pagana is an emergency medical physician at Virtua Voorhees Hospital, Voorhees, New Jersey and an author on both the Reference and the Manual. Her role in both has increased over the editions as Tim Pagana continues to scale back his role as an author.

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