Cases and Materials on Torts 12th Edition by Richard A. Epstein, ISBN-13: 978-1543804454


Cases and Materials on Torts 12th Edition by Richard A. Epstein, ISBN-13: 978-1543804454

[PDF eBook eTextbook]

  • Publisher: ‎ Aspen Opco Llc; 12th Twelfth Edition, New ed. (February 24, 2020)
  • Language: ‎ English
  • 1336 pages
  • ISBN-10: ‎ 1543804454
  • ISBN-13: ‎ 978-1543804454

Cases and Materials on Torts preserves historical and conceptual continuity between the present and the past, while addressing the most significant contemporary controversies in such fast-moving areas like public nuisance, global warming, and product liability, with new litigation against internet providers. Toward these dual ends, Richard A. Epstein and Catherine M. Sharkey have retained in the Twelfth Edition the great older cases, both English and American, that have proved themselves time and again in the classroom, and which continue to exert great influence on the modern law. Our book also provides a rich exploration of the dominant corrective justice and law-and-economics approaches to tort law, as exemplified both in the retained and new cases and materials.

New to the Twelfth Edition:

  • Extensive new treatment of public nuisance cases to address the profound expansion of the once-sleepy area of public nuisance law into the realms of the opioid crisis, toxic torts, and global warming
  • Major reconsideration of who counts as a seller in the chain of distribution for goods sold online with product liability updates for various forms of e-commerce, such as Amazon’s liability for defective products sold on its site
  • Updates to incorporate two major new Torts Restatements on Intentional Harms and Liability Insurance, The Reforms of the Michigan No-Fault Legislation
  • Enhanced treatment of privacy in the era of “Big Data” to address trend of large data collectors like Facebook and Google to determine what is reasonable online, incorporating major privacy legislation such as California’s Consumer Privacy Act and the European GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation)
  • Expansion of materials that address race and gender disparities in the setting of damages awards; and, in the realm of punitive damages innovative remedies directing some portion of the award to public interest groups

Table of Contents:

Cover Page
Front Matter
Editorial Advisors
Title Page
Copyright Page
About Aspen Publishing
Summary of Contents
Torts: List of Chapters
List of Abbreviations
Part One: Physical and Emotional Harms
1. Intentional Harms: The Prima Facie Case and Defenses
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Physical Harms
1. Trespass to Person and Land
Vosburg v. Putney
Dougherty v. Stepp
2. Defenses to Intentional Torts
a. Consensual Defenses
Mohr v. Williams
Canterbury v. Spence
Hudson v. Craft
b. Mental Disability
McGuire v. Almy
c. Self-Defense
Courvoisier v. Raymond
d. Defense of Property
Bird v. Holbrook
e. Necessity
Ploof v. Putnam
Vincent v. Lake Erie Transportation Co.
Thomson, The Trolley Problem
Section C. Emotional and Dignitary Harms
1. Assault
I. de S. and Wife v. W. de S.
Tuberville v. Savage
Blackstone, Commentaries
2. Offensive Battery
Alcorn v. Mitchell
3. False Imprisonment
Coblyn v. Kennedy’s, Inc.
4. The Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress: Extreme and Outrageous Conduct
Wilkinson v. Downton
2. Strict Liability and Negligence: Historic and Analytic Foundations
Section A. Introduction
Section B. The Formative Cases
The Thorns Case (Hull v. Orange)
Weaver v. Ward
Section C. The Forms of Action
1. The Significance of the Forms
2. Trespass and Case
Scott v. Shepherd
3. The Breakdown of the Forms of Action
Section D. Strict Liability and Negligence in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
Brown v. Kendall
Fletcher v. Rylands (1865)
Fletcher v. Rylands (1866)
Rylands v. Fletcher
Brown v. Collins
Powell v. Fall
Holmes, The Common Law
Section E. Strict Liability and Negligence in Modern Times
Stone v. Bolton
Bolton v. Stone
Hammontree v. Jenner
3. Negligence
Thayer, Public Wrong and Private Action
Green, Judge and Jury
Section A. Introduction
Section B. The Reasonable Person
Harry Kalven, Jr.
Vaughan v. Menlove
Holmes, The Common Law
Roberts v. Ring
Daniels v. Evans
Breunig v. American Family Insurance Co.
Fletcher v. City of Aberdeen
Denver & Rio Grande R.R. v. Peterson
Section C. Calculus of Risk
Blyth v. Birmingham Water Works
Terry, Negligence
Seavey, Negligence — Subjective or Objective?
Osborne v. Montgomery
Cooley v. Public Service Co.
United States v. Carroll Towing Co.
Ross, Settled Out of Court
Andrews v. United Airlines
Section D. Custom
Titus v. Bradford, B. & K. R. Co.
Mayhew v. Sullivan Mining Co.
The T.J. Hooper (1931)
The T.J. Hooper (1932)
Lama v. Borras
Murray v. UNMC Physicians
Schuck, Rethinking Informed Consent
Canterbury v. Spence
Section E. Statutes and Regulations
Thayer, Public Wrong and Private Action
Osborne v. McMasters
Martin v. Herzog
Uhr v. East Greenbush Central School District
Section F. Judge and Jury
Holmes, The Common Law
Baltimore and Ohio R.R. v. Goodman
Pokora v. Wabash Ry.
Section G. Proof of Negligence
1. Methods of Proof
2. Res Ipsa Loquitur
Byrne v. Boadle
Colmenares Vivas v. Sun Alliance Insurance Co.
Ybarra v. Spangard
4. Plaintiff’s Conduct
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Contributory Negligence
1. Basic Doctrine
Butterfield v. Forrester
Beems v. Chicago, Rock Island & Peoria R.R.
Schwartz, Tort Law and the Economy in Nineteenth-Century America: A Reinterpretation
Gyerman v. United States Lines Co.
LeRoy Fibre Co. v. Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Ry.
Derheim v. N. Fiorito Co.
2. Last Clear Chance
Fuller v. Illinois Central R.R.
Section C. Imputed Contributory Negligence
Section D. Assumption of Risk
Lamson v. American Axe & Tool Co.
Murphy v. Steeplechase Amusement Co.
Dalury v. S-K-I Ltd.
Section E. Comparative Negligence
1. At Common Law
Lombard Laws, King Liutprand
Beach, Contributory Negligence
Prosser, Comparative Negligence
Li v. Yellow Cab Co. of California
2. By Legislation
Federal Employers’ Liability Act
New York
5. Causation
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Cause in Fact
1. The “But For” Test
New York Central R.R. v. Grimstad
Zuchowicz v. United States
2. Joint and Several Liability and Multiple Causes
a. Joint and Several Liability
Union Stock Yards Co. of Omaha v. Chicago, Burlington, & Quincy R.R.
American Motorcycle Association v. Superior Court
b. Multiple Sufficient Causes
Kingston v. Chicago & N.W. Ry.
3. Indeterminate Causes
a. Alternative Liability
Summers v. Tice
b. Market Share Liability
Sindell v. Abbott Laboratories
c. Loss of Chance of Survival
Herskovits v. Group Health Cooperative
4. Proof of Factual Causation
Section C. Proximate Cause (Herein of Duty)
1. Physical Injury
Bacon, The Elements of the Common Lawes of England
Street, Foundations of Legal Liability
Ryan v. New York Central R.R.
Berry v. Sugar Notch Borough
Brower v. New York Central & H.R.R.
Wagner v. International Ry.
In re Polemis & Furness, Withy & Co.
Overseas Tankship (U.K.) Ltd. v. Morts Dock & Engineering Co., Ltd. (Wagon Mound (No. 1))
Palsgraf v. Long Island R.R.
Marshall v. Nugent
Virden v. Betts & Beer Construction Company
Hebert v. Enos
2. Emotional Distress
Mitchell v. Rochester Ry.
Dillon v. Legg
6. Affirmative Duties
Section A. Introduction
Section B. The Duty to Rescue
Luke 10:30-37 (King James Translation)
Buch v. Amory Manufacturing Co.
Hurley v. Eddingfield
Bohlen, The Moral Duty to Aid Others as a Basis of Tort Liability
Ames, Law and Morals
Epstein, A Theory of Strict Liability
Posner, Epstein’s Tort Theory: A Critique
Fletcher, Law and Morality: A Kantian Perspective
Bender, An Overview of Feminist Torts Scholarship
Montgomery v. National Convoy & Trucking Co.
Section C. Duties of Owners and Occupiers
Robert Addie & Sons (Collieries), Ltd. v. Dumbreck
Rowland v. Christian
Section D. Gratuitous Undertakings
Coggs v. Bernard
Erie Railroad Co. v. Stewart
Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co.
Section E. Special Relationships
Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp.
Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California
7. Strict Liability
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Trespass to Chattels and Conversion
1. Trespass to Chattels
Intel Corp. v. Hamidi
2. Conversion
Poggi v. Scott
Moore v. Regents of the University of California
Section C. Animals
Gehrts v. Batteen
Section D. Ultrahazardous or Abnormally Dangerous Activities
Spano v. Perini Corp.
Indiana Harbor Belt R.R. v. American Cyanamid Co.
Section E. Nuisance
1. Private Nuisance
Vogel v. Grant-Lafayette Electric Cooperative
Michalson v. Nutting
Fontainebleau Hotel Corp. v. Forty-Five Twenty-Five, Inc.
Rogers v. Elliott
Ensign v. Walls
Boomer v. Atlantic Cement Co.
2. Public Nuisance
Burgess v. M/ V Tamano
City of Oakland v. BP P.L.C.
Section F. Vicarious Liability
Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States
Saleem v. Corporate Transportation Group Ltd.
8. Products Liability
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Exposition
Winterbottom v. Wright
MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co.
Escola v. Coca Cola Bottling Co. of Fresno
Section C. The Restatements
1. A Tale of Two Texts
Restatement (Second) of Torts §402A
Restatement (Third) of Torts: Products Liability §§1-2
2. The Theory of Products Liability: Tort or Contract
Casa Clara Condominium Ass’n, Inc. v. Charley Toppino & Sons, Inc.
3. Proper Defendants Under Section 402A
Oberdorf v. Inc.
Section D. Product Defects
1. Manufacturing Defects
Speller v. Sears, Roebuck and Co.
2. Design Defects
Campo v. Scofield
2 Harper and James, Torts §28.5
Wade, On the Nature of Strict Tort Liability for Products
a. Development of the Negligence Test
Volkswagen of America, Inc. v. Young
b. Consumer Expectations versus Risk-Utility Tests
Barker v. Lull Engineering Co.
c. Third Restatement and the Alternative Design Test
3. The Duty to Warn
MacDonald v. Ortho Pharmaceutical Corp.
Vassallo v. Baxter Healthcare Corp.
Hood v. Ryobi America Corp.
Air & Liquid Sys. Corp. v. DeVries
Section E. Plaintiff’s Conduct
Daly v. General Motors Corp.
Section F. Federal Preemption
Geier v. American Honda Motor Co.
Wyeth v. Levine
9. Damages
Sullivan v. Old Colony Street Ry.
Zibbell v. Southern Pacific Co.
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Recoverable Elements of Damages
1. Pain and Suffering
McDougald v. Garber
2. Economic Losses
O’Shea v. Riverway Towing Co.
Duncan v. Kansas City Southern Railway
Section C. Wrongful Death and Loss of Consortium
1. Wrongful Death
a. History
b. Measure of Damages
2. Survival of Personal Injury Actions
3. Actions for Loss of Consortium
a. History
b. Parents and Children
c. Nontraditional Families
d. Damages in Consortium Cases
Section D. Punitive Damages
Kemezy v. Peters
State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. v. Campbell
Section E. Litigation Financing
1. Contingent Fees
2. Class Actions
3. Fee Shifting
4. Sale of Tort Claims
5. Litigation Insurance
6. Alternative Litigation Financing
Section F. Collateral Benefits
Harding v. Town of Townshend
10. Tort Extensions: Insurance and No-Fault Systems
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Liability Insurance
1. Automobile and Other Basic Lines of Insurance
a. The March to Compulsory Insurance
b. The Distinctive Provisions of the Automobile Insurance Contract
i. The Omnibus Clause
ii. “Drive the Other Car” Clauses
iii. Uninsured Motorist Coverage
iv. Medical Payments
c. Key Provisions of the Standard Insurance Contract
Commercial General Liability Coverage Form
i. Misrepresentation and Nondisclosure
ii. Notice and Cooperation
iii. The Duty to Defend
iv. The Obligation to Settle in Good Faith
Crisci v. Security Insurance Co.
Dimmitt Chevrolet, Inc. v. Southeastern Fidelity Insurance Corp.
2. Cumulative Trauma Cases
Section C. The No-Fault Systems
1. Workers’ Compensation
a. Historical Origins
b. The Scope of Coverage: “Arising Out of and in the Course of Employment”
Clodgo v. Rentavision, Inc.
Wilson v. Workers’ Compensation Appeals Board
c. Benefits Under the Workers’ Compensation Statutes
d. Exclusive Remedy
Rainer v. Union Carbide Corp.
2. Automobile No-Fault Insurance
a. The Basic Reform Proposal
American Bar Association, Special Committee on Automobile Insurance Legislation, Why the Statistical Studies Critical of the Fault System Are Flawed
Epstein, Automobile No-Fault Plans: A Second Look at First Principles
b. Constitutionality
c. The Implementation of Automobile No-Fault Plans
d. The 2019 Michigan No-Fault Law Reforms
3. No-Fault Insurance for Medical and Product Injuries
Section D. The 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund
Section E. The New Zealand Plan
Report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry, Compensation for Personal Injury in New Zealand
Accident Compensation: Options for Reform
Part Two: Torts against Nonphysical Interests
11. Defamation
Section A. Introduction
Section B.Publication
Mims v. Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.
Firth v. State of New York
Blumenthal v. Drudge
Section C. False or Defamatory Statements
Parmiter v. Coupland
Muzikowski v. Paramount Pictures Corp.
Wilkow v. Forbes, Inc.
Section D. Libel and Slander
Varian Medical Systems, Inc. v. Delfino
Section E. Basis of Liability: Intention, Negligence, and Strict Liability in Defamation
E. Hulton & Co. v. Jones
Section F. Damages
1. Special Damages
Terwilliger v. Wands
Ellsworth v. Martindale-Hubbell Law Directory, Inc.
2. General Damages
McCormick, Damages
Faulk v. Aware, Inc. (1962)
Faulk v. Aware, Inc. (1963)
3. Other Remedies
a. Injunctions
b. Retraction
c. Reply Statutes
d. Declaratory Relief and “Libel Tourism”
Section G. Nonconstitutional Defenses
1. Truth
Auvil v. CBS 60 Minutes
2. Privileges in the Private Sphere
Watt v. Longsdon
3. Privileges in the Public Sphere
a. Legal Proceedings and Reports Thereon
Kennedy v. Cannon
b. Reports of Public Proceedings or Meetings
Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Jacobson
c. Fair Comment: Artistic and Literary Criticism
Veeder, Freedom of Public Discussion
Section H. Constitutional Privileges
1. Public Officials and Public Figures
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan
Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts
2. Private Parties
Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc.
Obsidian Finance Group, LLC v. Cox
12. Privacy
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Historical Background
Warren & Brandeis, The Right to Privacy
Prosser, Privacy
Kalven, Privacy in the Tort Law — Were Warren and Brandeis Wrong?
Prosser, Privacy
Section C. Intrusion Upon Seclusion
Nader v. General Motors Corp.
Boring v. Google Inc.
Desnick v. American Broadcasting Co., Inc.
Section D. Public Disclosure of Embarrassing Private Facts
Sidis v. F-R Publishing Corp.
Haynes v. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn
Section E. False Light
Time, Inc. v. Hill
Section F. Commercial Appropriation of Plaintiff’s Name or Likeness, or the Right of Publicity
In re NCAA Student-Athlete Name and Likeness Litigation
Factors Etc., Inc. v. Pro Arts, Inc.
13. Misrepresentation
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Fraud
Pasley v. Freeman
Vulcan Metals Co. v. Simmons Manufacturing Co.
Swinton v. Whitinsville Savings Bank
Laidlaw v. Organ
Edgington v. Fitzmaurice
BV Nederlandse Industrie Van Eiprodukten v. Rembrandt Enterprises, Inc.
Laborers Local 17 Health and Benefit Fund v. Philip Morris, Inc.
Section C. Negligent Misrepresentation
Ultramares Corp. v. Touche
14. Economic Harms
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Inducement of Breach of Contract
The Statute of Labourers (1351)
Lumley v. Gye
Asahi Kasei Pharma Corp. v. Actelion Ltd.
Section C. Intentional Interference with Prospective Advantage
Tarleton v. M’Gawley
Section D. Negligent Interference with Economic Relationships
People Express Airlines, Inc. v. Consolidated Rail Corp.
Southern California Gas Co. v. Superior Court of Los Angeles County
Section E. Unfair Competition
Mogul Steamship Co. v. McGregor, Gow & Co.
International News Service v. Associated Press
The National Basketball Association v. Motorola, Inc.
Barclays Capital Inc. v.
Ely-Norris Safe Co. v. Mosler Safe Co.
Mosler Safe Co. v. Ely-Norris Safe Co.
15. Tort Immunities
Section A. Introduction
Section B. Domestic or Intrafamily Immunities
1. Parent and Child
a. Suits Between Parent and Child
b. Third-Party Actions
2. Spouses
Section C. Charitable Immunity
Section D. Municipal Corporations
1. At Common Law
2. By Statute
745 Ill. Comp. Stat. (2019)
3. Under the Constitution
Section E. Sovereign Immunity
Federal Tort Claims Act §§2671-2680
Berkovitz v. United States
Section F. Official Immunity
Clinton v. Jones
Table of Cases
Table of Restatement Sections
Table of Secondary Authorities

Professors and students will benefit from:

  • Clear organizational framework of the book
  • Important lines of cases that help understand legal reasoning and the evolution of precedent
  • Inclusion of key academic commentary and elaboration of central intellectual disputes over the nature and function of the tort law
  • Ability to pick and choose modules of interest – such as defamation, privacy, and economic harms–which are of increasing importance in real world of tort litigation
  • Extensive notes with topic headlines that elaborate basic concepts and extend into the most complex contemporary issues facing courts
  • Great attention given to cutting edge tort developments

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