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Water and Wastewater Engineering: Design Principles and Practice 2nd Edition by Mackenzie Davis, ISBN-13: 978-1260132274

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Water and Wastewater Engineering: Design Principles and Practice 2nd Edition by Mackenzie Davis, ISBN-13: 978-1260132274

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  • Publisher: ‎ McGraw Hill; 2nd edition (October 2, 2019)
  • Language: ‎ English
  • 1344 pages
  • ISBN-10: ‎ 1260132277
  • ISBN-13: ‎ 978-1260132274

A Fully Updated, In-Depth Guide to Water and Wastewater Engineering.

Thoroughly revised to reflect the latest advances, procedures, and regulations, this authoritative resource contains comprehensive coverage of the design and construction of municipal water and wastewater facilities. Written by an environmental engineering expert and seasoned academic, Water and Wastewater Engineering: Design Principles and Practice, Second Edition, offers detailed explanations, practical strategies, and design techniques as well as hands-on safety protocols and operation and maintenance procedures. You will get cutting-edge information on water quality standards, corrosion control, piping materials, energy efficiency, direct and indirect potable reuse, and more.

Coverage includes:

• The design and construction processes
• General water supply design considerations
• Intake structures and wells
• Chemical handling and storage
• Coagulation and flocculation
• Lime-soda and ion exchange softening
• Reverse osmosis and nanofiltration
• Sedimentation
• Granular and membrane filtration
• Disinfection and fluoridation
• Removal of specific constituents
• Water plant residuals management, process selection, and integration
• Storage and distribution systems
• Wastewater collection and treatment design considerations
• Sanitary sewer design
• Headworks and preliminary treatment
• Primary treatment
• Wastewater microbiology
• Secondary treatment by suspended growth biological processes
• Secondary treatment by attached growth and hybrid biological processes
• Tertiary treatment
• Advanced oxidation processes
• Direct and indirect potable reuse

Table of Contents:

Preface

Professional Advisory Board for the Second Edition

Professional Advisory Board for the First Edition

1 The Design and Construction Processes

1-1 Introduction

1-2 Project Participants

1-3 The Professional–Client Relationship and the Code of Ethics

1-4 Responsible Care

1-5 Overall Design Process

1-6 Overall Construction Process

1-7 Hints from the Field

1-8 Chapter Review

1-9 Problems

1-10 Discussion Questions

1-11 References

2 General Water Supply Design Considerations

2-1 Water Demand

2-2 Water Source Evaluation

2-3 Water Quality

2-4 Evaluation of Process Options

2-5 Plant Sizing and Layout

2-6 Plant Location

2-7 Chapter Review

2-8 Problems

2-9 Discussion Questions

2-10 References

3 Intake Structures

3-1 Introduction

3-2 Design Elements

3-3 Design Criteria

3-4 Operational Considerations

3-5 Operation and Maintenance

3-6 Chapter Review

3-7 Problems

3-8 Discussion Questions

3-9 References

4 Wells

4-1 Introduction

4-2 Design Elements

4-3 Well Protection

4-4 Well Design

4-5 Chapter Review

4-6 Problems

4-7 Discussion Questions

4-8 References

5 Chemical Handling and Storage

5-1 Introduction

5-2 Redundancy and Capacity Provisions

5-3 Delivery, Handling, and Storage

5-4 Chemical Feed and Metering Systems

5-5 Chemical Compatibility

5-6 Materials Compatibility

5-7 Designing for Safety and Hazardous Conditions

5-8 Operation and Maintenance

5-9 Chapter Review

5-10 Problems

5-11 Discussion Questions

5-12 References

6 Coagulation and Flocculation

6-1 Introduction

6-2 Characteristics of Particles

6-3 Coagulation Theory

6-4 Coagulation Practice

6-5 Flocculation Theory

6-6 Mixing Theory

6-7 Mixing Practice

6-8 Operation and Maintenance

6-9 Chapter Review

6-10 Problems

6-11 Discussion Questions

6-12 References

7 Lime-Soda Softening

7-1 Hardness

7-2 Lime-Soda Softening

7-3 Softening Processes

7-4 Chemical Dosages Based on Stoichiometry

7-5 Concurrent Removal of Other Constituents

7-6 Process Configurations and Design Criteria

7-7 Operation and Maintenance

7-8 Stabilization

7-9 Chapter Review

7-10 Problems

7-11 Discussion Questions

7-12 References

8 Ion Exchange

8-1 Introduction

8-2 Fundamental Concepts of Ion Exchange

8-3 Process Operation

8-4 Ion Exchange Practice

8-5 Operation and Maintenance

8-6 Chapter Review

8-7 Problems

8-8 Discussion Question

8-9 References

9 Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration

9-1 Introduction

9-2 Theory

9-3 Properties of RO and NF Membranes

9-4 RO and NF Practice

9-5 Electrodialysis

9-6 Chapter Review

9-7 Problems

9-8 Discussion Question

9-9 References

10 Sedimentation

10-1 Introduction

10-2 Sedimentation Theory

10-3 Sedimentation Practice

10-4 Sedimentation Basin Design

10-5 Operation and Maintenance

10-6 Chapter Review

10-7 Problems

10-8 Discussion Questions

10-9 References

11 Granular Filtration

11-1 Introduction

11-2 An Overview of the Filtration Process

11-3 Filter Media Characteristics

11-4 Granular Filtration Theory

11-5 Theory of Granular Filter Hydraulics

11-6 Granular Filtration Practice

11-7 Operation and Maintenance

11-8 Chapter Review

11-9 Problems

11-10 Discussion Questions

11-11 References

12 Membrane Filtration

12-1 Introduction

12-2 Membrane Filtration Theory

12-3 Properties of MF and UF Membranes

12-4 MF and UF Practice

12-5 Chapter Review

12-6 Problems

12-7 Discussion Questions

12-8 References

13 Disinfection, Lead and Copper Rule, Emergency Disinfection, and Fluoridation

13-1 Introduction

13-2 Disinfection

13-3 Corrosion Control

13-4 Contact Facilities

13-5 Emergency Disinfection

13-6 Fluoridation

13-7 Operation and Maintenance

13-8 Chapter Review

13-9 Problems

13-10 Discussion Questions

13-11 References

14 Removal of Specific Constituents

14-1 Introduction

14-2 Arsenic

14-3 Carbon Dioxide

14-4 Fluoride

14-5 Iron and Manganese

14-6 Nitrate

14-7 Natural Organic Matter (NOM)

14-8 Perchlorate

14-9 Pharmaceuticals and Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)

14-10 Radionuclides

14-11 Synthetic Organic Chemicals (SOCs) and Volatile Organic Chemicals (VOCs)

14-12 Taste and Odor (T&O)

14-13 Chapter Review

14-14 Problems

14-15 Discussion Questions 580 14-16 References

15 Water Plant Residuals Management

15-1 Introduction

15-2 Solids Computations

15-3 Solids Production and Characteristics

15-4 Minimization of Residuals Generation

15-5 Recovery of Treatment Chemicals

15-6 Residuals Conveyance

15-7 Management of Sludges

15-8 Management of Liquid Residuals

15-9 Disposal of Specific Residual Constituents

15-10 Ultimate Disposal

15-11 Chapter Review

15-12 Problems

15-13 Discussion Questions

15-14 References

16 Drinking Water Plant Process Selection and Integration

16-1 Introduction

16-2 Process Selection

16-3 Process Integration

16-4 Security

16-5 Chapter Review

16-6 Problems

16-7 Discussion Questions

16-8 References

17 Storage and Distribution Systems

17-1 Introduction

17-2 Demand Estimates

17-3 Service Pressures

17-4 Pipe Network Design

17-5 Storage Tank Design

17-6 Pump Selection

17-7 Network Analysis

17-8 Sanitary Protection

17-9 Chapter Review

17-10 Problems

17-11 Discussion Questions

17-12 References

18 General Wastewater Collection and Treatment Design Considerations

18-1 Wastewater Sources and Flow Rates

18-2 Wastewater Characteristics

18-3 Wastewater Treatment Standards

18-4 Sludge Disposal Regulations

18-5 Plant Sizing and Layout

18-6 Plant Location

18-7 Chapter Review

18-8 Problems

18-9 Discussion Questions

18-10 References

19 Sanitary Sewer Design

19-1 Introduction

19-2 Predesign Activities

19-3 Gravity Sewer Collection System Design

19-4 Alternative Sewers

19-5 Pump Station Design

19-6 Operation and Maintenance

19-7 Economic and Energy Considerations

19-8 Sewer Safety

19-9 Chapter Review

19-10 Problems

19-11 Discussion Questions

19-12 References

20 Headworks and Preliminary Treatment

20-1 Introduction

20-2 Pump Station

20-3 Flow Measurement

20-4 Bar Racks and Screens

20-5 Coarse Solids Reduction

20-6 Grit Removal

20-7 Flow Equalization

20-8 Alternative Preliminary Process Arrangements

20-9 Chapter Review

20-10 Problems

20-11 Discussion Questions

20-12 References

21 Primary Treatment

21-1 Introduction

21-2 Sedimentation Theory

21-3 Sedimentation Practice

21-4 Sedimentation Basin Design

21-5 Other Primary Treatment Alternatives

21-6 Chapter Review

21-7 Problems

21-8 References

22 Wastewater Microbiology

22-1 Introduction

22-2 Role of Microorganisms

22-3 Classification of Microorganisms

22-4 Microbial Biochemistry

22-5 Population Dynamics

22-6 Decomposition of Waste

22-7 Microbiology of Secondary Treatment Unit Processes

22-8 Operation and Maintenance

22-9 Chapter Review

22-10 Problems

22-11 Discussion Questions

22-12 References

23 Secondary Treatment by Suspended Growth Biological Processes

23-1 Introduction

23-2 Processes for BOD Removal and Nitrification

23-3 Processes for Denitrification

23-4 Processes for Phosphorus Removal

23-5 Biological Treatment with Membrane Separation

23-6 Suspended Growth Design Principles

23-7 Suspended Growth Design Practice

23-8 Membrane Bioreactor Design Practice

23-9 Chapter Review

23-10 Problems

23-11 Discussion Questions

23-12 References

24 Secondary Treatment by Attached Growth and Hybrid Biological Processes

24-1 Introduction

24-2 Attached Growth Processes

24-3 Attached Growth Design Principles

24-4 Attached Growth Design Practice

24-5 Hybrid Processes

24-6 Chapter Review

24-7 Problems

24-8 References

25 Secondary Settling, Disinfection, and Postaeration

25-1 Introduction

25-2 Secondary Settling

25-3 Disinfection

25-4 Postaeration

25-5 Chapter Review

25-6 Problems

25-7 Discussion Questions

25-8 References

26 Tertiary Treatment

26-1 Introduction

26-2 Chemical Precipitation of Phosphorus

26-3 Granular Filtration

26-4 Membrane Filtration

26-5 Carbon Adsorption

26-6 Advanced Oxidation Processes

26-7 Chapter Review

26-8 Problems

26-9 References

27 Wastewater Plant Residuals Management

27-1 Sludge Handling Alternatives

27-2 Sources and Characteristics of Solids and Biosolids

27-3 Solids Computations

27-4 Grit Handling and Sludge Pumping

27-5 Management of Solids

27-6 Storage and Thickening of Sludges

27-7 Alkaline Stabilization

27-8 Aerobic Digestion

27-9 Anaerobic Digestion

27-10 Sludge Conditioning

27-11 Dewatering

27-12 Alternative Disposal Techniques

27-13 Land Application of Biosolids

27-14 Chapter Review

27-15 Problems

27-16 References

28 Clean Water Plant Process Selection and Integration

28-1 Introduction

28-2 Process Selection

28-3 Simulation Modeling

28-4 Process Integration

28-5 Chapter Review

28-6 Problems

28-7 References

29 Direct and Indirect Potable Reuse

29-1 Introduction

29-2 Water Quality Standards

29-3 Basic Design Principles

29-4 Design Practice

29-5 Case Studies: Indirect Potable Reuse

29-6 Case Studies: Direct Potable Reuse

29-7 Chapter Review

29-8 References

Appendix A Properties of Air, Water, and Selected Chemicals

Appendix B U.S. Standard Sieve Sizes

Appendix C Pipe, Fitting, and Valve Data

Appendix D U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Ct Values for Disinfectants

Index

Mackenzie L. Davis is an Emeritus Professor of Environmental Engineering at Michigan State University, where he taught for thirty years. He has held professional positions within the U.S. Army and the U.S. EPA. Mr. Davis is the author of numerous textbooks on water and environmental engineering.

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