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Introduction to the Human Body 10th Edition by Gerard J. Tortora, ISBN-13: 978-1118583180

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Introduction to the Human Body 10th Edition by Gerard J. Tortora, ISBN-13: 978-1118583180

[PDF eBook eTextbook]

  • Publisher: ‎ Wiley; 10th edition (December 15, 2014)
  • Language: ‎ English
  • 640 pages
  • ISBN-10: ‎ 1118583183
  • ISBN-13: ‎ 978-1118583180

Introduction to the Human Body 10th Edition offers a balanced introduction to the human body, especially developed to meet the needs of the one-semester A&P course. It provides an effective blend of stunning art and clearly written text to illuminate the complexities of the human body. Class-tested pedagogy is woven into the narrative and illustrations to ensure that students gain a solid understanding of the material.

Table of Contents:

1 Organization of the Human Body 1

1.1 Anatomy and Physiology Defined 1

1.2 Levels of Organization and Body Systems 1

1.3 Life Processes 6

1.4 Homeostasis: Maintaining Limits 6

1.5 Aging and Homeostasis 9

1.6 Anatomical Terms 10

1.7 Body Cavities 15

2 Introductory Chemistry 22

2.1 Introduction to Chemistry 22

2.2 Chemical Compounds and Life Processes 29

3 Cells 41

3.1 A Generalized View of the Cell 41

3.2 The Plasma Membrane 41

3.3 Transport Across the Plasma Membrane 43

3.4 Cytoplasm 49

3.5 Nucleus 54

3.6 Gene Action: Protein Synthesis 56

3.7 Somatic Cell Division 59

3.8 Cellular Diversity 61

3.9 Aging and Cells 61

4 Tissues 68

4.1 Types of Tissues 68

4.2 Epithelial Tissue 68

4.3 Connective Tissue 77

4.4 Membranes 85

4.5 Muscular Tissue 87

4.6 Nervous Tissue 87

4.7 Tissue Repair: Restoring Homeostasis 87

4.8 Aging and Tissues 87

5 The Integumentary System 92

5.1 Skin 92

5.2 Accessory Structures of the Skin 96

5.3 Functions of the Skin 99

5.4 Aging and the Integumentary System 100

6 The Skeletal System 107

6.1 Functions of Bone and the Skeletal System 107

6.2 Types of Bones 107

6.3 Structure of Bone 108

6.4 Bone Formation 111

6.5 Exercise and Bone Tissue 116

6.6 Divisions of the Skeletal System 117

6.7 Skull and Hyoid Bone 118

6.8 Vertebral Column 127

6.9 Thorax 134

6.10 Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle 134

6.11 Upper Limb 135

6.12 Pelvic (Hip) Girdle 139

6.13 Lower Limb 141

6.14 Comparison of Female and Male Skeletons 146

6.15 Aging and the Skeletal System 147

7 Joints 154

7.1 Classification of Joints 154

7.2 Fibrous Joints 155

7.3 Cartilaginous Joints 156

7.4 Synovial Joints 156

7.5 Types of Movements at Synovial Joints 158

7.6 Types of Synovial Joints 162

7.7 Aging and Joints 166

8 The Muscular System 170

8.1 Overview of Muscular Tissue 170

8.2 Skeletal Muscle Tissue 171

8.3 Contraction and Relaxation of Skeletal Muscle 174

8.4 Metabolism of Skeletal Muscle Tissue 179

8.5 Control of Muscle Tension 180

8.6 Exercise and Skeletal Muscle Tissue 182

8.7 Cardiac Muscle Tissue 182

8.8 Smooth Muscle Tissue 183

8.9 Aging and Muscular Tissue 185

8.10 How Skeletal Muscles Produce Movement 185

8.11 Principal Skeletal Muscles 186

9 Nervous Tissue 220

9.1 Overview of the Nervous System 220

9.2 Histology of Nervous Tissue 222

9.3 Action Potentials 226

9.4 Synaptic Transmission 230

10 Central Nervous System, Spinal Nerves, and Cranial Nerves 236

10.1 Spinal Cord Structure 236

10.2 Spinal Nerves 237

10.3 Spinal Cord Functions 240

10.4 Brain 242

10.5 Cranial Nerves 255

10.6 Aging and the Nervous System 256

11 Autonomic Nervous System 261

11.1 Comparison of Somatic and Autonomic Nervous Systems 261

11.2 Structure of the Autonomic Nervous System 263

11.3 Functions of the Autonomic Nervous System 267

12 Somatic Senses and Special Senses 271

12.1 Overview of Sensations 271

12.2 Somatic Senses 272

12.3 Special Senses 275

12.4 Olfaction: Sense of Smell 275

12.5 Gustation: Sense of Taste 277

12.6 Vision 279

12.7 Hearing and Equilibrium 286

13 The Endocrine System 299

13.1 Introduction 299

13.2 Hormone Action 301

13.3 Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland 302

13.4 Thyroid Gland 307

13.5 Parathyroid Glands 309

13.6 Pancreatic Islets 310

13.7 Adrenal Glands 314

13.8 Ovaries and Testes 316

13.9 Pineal Gland 317

13.10 Other Hormones 317

13.11 The Stress Response 318

13.12 Aging and the Endocrine System 319

14 The Cardiovascular System: Blood 326

14.1 Functions of Blood 326

14.2 Components of Whole Blood 326

14.3 Hemostasis 333

14.4 Blood Groups and Blood Types 336

15 The Cardiovascular System: Heart 342

15.1 Structure and Organization of the Heart 342

15.2 Blood Flow and Blood Supply of the Heart 348

15.3 Conduction System of the Heart 350

15.4 Electrocardiogram 351

15.5 The Cardiac Cycle 351

15.6 Cardiac Output 353

15.7 Exercise and the Heart 355

16 The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation 360

16.1 Blood Vessel Structure and Function 360

16.2 Blood Flow Through Blood Vessels 364

16.3 Circulatory Routes 367

16.4 Checking Circulation 384

16.5 Aging and the Cardiovascular System 385

17 The Lymphatic System and Immunity 391

17.1 Lymphatic System 391

17.2 Innate Immunity 396

17.3 Adaptive Immunity 399

17.4 Aging and the Immune System 407

18 The Respiratory System 415

18.1 Organs of the Respiratory System 415

18.2 Pulmonary Ventilation 421

18.3 Exchange of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide 426

18.4 Transport of Respiratory Gases 428

18.5 Control of Breathing 430

18.6 Exercise and the Respiratory System 433

18.7 Aging and the Respiratory System 433

19 The Digestive System 440

19.1 Overview of the Digestive System 440

19.2 Layers of the GI Tract and the Omentum 441

19.3 Mouth 443

19.4 Pharynx and Esophagus 446

19.5 Stomach 447

19.6 Pancreas 450

19.7 Liver and Gallbladder 451

19.8 Small Intestine 453

19.9 Large Intestine 458

19.10 Phases of Digestion 461

19.11 Aging and the Digestive System 462

20 Nutrition and Metabolism 469

20.1 Nutrients 469

20.2 Metabolism 474

20.3 Metabolism and Body Heat 480

21 The Urinary System 485

21.1 Overview of the Urinary System 485

21.2 Structure of the Kidneys 487

21.3 Functions of the Nephron 490

21.4 Transportation, Storage, and Elimination of Urine 496

21.5 Aging and the Urinary System 498

22 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Balance 503

22.1 Fluid Compartments and Fluid Balance 503

22.2 Electrolytes in Body Fluids 507

22.3 Acid–Base Balance 510

22.4 Aging and Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Balance 512

23 The Reproductive Systems 515

23.1 Male Reproductive System 515

23.2 Female Reproductive System 523

23.3 The Female Reproductive Cycle 530

23.4 Birth Control Methods and Abortion 533

23.5 Aging and the Reproductive Systems 536

24 Development and Inheritance 544

24.1 Embryonic Period 544

24.2 Fetal Period 552

24.3 Maternal Changes During Pregnancy 552

24.4 Exercise and Pregnancy 555

24.5 Labor and Delivery 555

24.6 Lactation 556

24.7 Inheritance 557

Answers A-1

Glossary G-1

Credits C-1

Index I-1

Gerard J. Tortora is Professor of Biology at Bergen Community College in Paramus, New Jersey. He teaches human anatomy and physiology as well as microbiology. He received his bachelor’s degree in biology from Fairleigh Dickinson University and his master’s degree in science education from Montclair State College. He is active in professional organizations such as the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society, the American Society of Microbiology, American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Education Association, and the Metropolitan Association of College and University Biologists.

Bryan Derrickson is Professor of Biology at Valencia Community College in Orlando, Florida, where he teaches human anatomy and physiology. He received his bachelor’s degree in biology from Morehouse College and his Ph.D. in Cell Biology from Duke University. He is a member of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society and the National Association of Biology Teachers.

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