**Calculate with Confidence 8th Edition by Deborah C. Morris, ISBN-13: 978-0323696951**

[PDF eBook eTextbook] – **Available Instantly**

- Publisher: Elsevier; 8th edition (October 26, 2021)
- Language: English
- 728 pages
- ISBN-10: 0323696953
- ISBN-13: 978-0323696951

Learn how to make accurate drug calculations and administer * medications* safely!

* Calculate with Confidence, 8th Edition *makes it easy to understand the three major methods of dosage calculation ― ratio and proportion, formula method, and dimensional analysis. Clear, step-by-step instructions guide you through accurate calculation and safe administration of drug dosages. Thousands of practice problems ensure that you gain proficiency, QSEN principles prioritize client safety, and an emphasis on clinical reasoning helps you prevent medication errors. New Next Generation NCLEX® (NGN) case studies help in improving clinical judgment skills. With this popular text from educator Deborah C. Morris, you will learn to calculate drug dosages and administer medications with confidence.

**Table of Contents:**

Cover image

Title page

Table of Contents

Copyright

Dedication

Reviewers

Preface to the Instructor

Acknowledgments

List of Illustrations

List of Tables

Unit One: Math Review

Pre-Test 2

Introduction to Math Review

Chapter 1: Fractions

Types of Fractions

Converting Fractions

Comparing Fractions

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

CHAPTER REVIEW

ANSWERS

Chapter 2: Decimals

Reading and Writing Decimals

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

CHAPTER REVIEW

ANSWERS

Chapter 3: Ratio and Proportion

Ratios

Proportions

Solving for x in Ratio and Proportion

Applying Ratio and Proportion to Dosage Calculation

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

CHAPTER REVIEW

ANSWERS

Chapter 4: Percentages

Converting Percentages to Fractions, Decimals, and Ratios

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Percentage Measures

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Comparing Percents and Ratios

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Determining the Percent of a Quantity

Determining What Percent One Number Is of Another

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Calculating the Percent of Change

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

CHAPTER REVIEW

ANSWERS

POST-TEST

ANSWERS

Unit Two: Systems of Measurement

Post-Test 65

Introduction to Systems of Measurement

Chapter 5: Metric System

Particulars of the Metric System

Rules of the Metric System

Units of Measure

Conversions Between Metric Units

Chapter 6: Apothecary and Household Systems and Additional Measures Used in Medication Administration

Apothecary System

Household System

Other Medication Measurements Used in Dosage Calculation

Chapter 7: Converting Within and Between Systems

Equivalents Among Metric and Household Systems

Converting

Methods of Converting

Converting Within the Same System

Converting Between Systems

Calculating Intake and Output

Chapter 8: Additional Conversions Useful in the **Health** Care Setting

Converting Between Celsius and Fahrenheit

Formulas for Converting Between Fahrenheit and Celsius Scales

Metric Measures Relating to Length

Conversions Relating to Weight

Military Time

Calculating Completion Times

Unit Three: Methods of Administration and Calculation

Introduction to Methods of Administration and Calculation

Chapter 9: Medication Administration

Medication Errors

Overview of Medication Errors

Preventing Medication Errors

Critical Thinking and Medication Administration

Factors That Influence Medication Dosages and Action

Special Considerations for the Elderly

The Rights of Medication Administration

Medication Reconciliation

Client Education

Home Care Considerations

The Nurse’s Role in Medication Error Prevention

Routes of Medication Administration

Equipment Used for Medication Administration

Equipment for Administering Oral Medications to a Child

Chapter 10: Understanding and Interpreting Medication Orders

Verbal Orders

Transcription of Medication Orders

Writing a Medication Order

Components of a Medication Order

Interpreting a Medication Order

Chapter 11: Medication Administration Records and Drug Distribution Systems

Medication Orders

Medication Administration Record

Essential Components on a Medication Administration Record

Documentation of Medications

Use of Technology in Medication Administration

Medication Distribution Systems

Role of the Nurse When Using Technology

Scheduling Medication Times

Military Time

NGN Case Study

Chapter 12: Reading Medication Labels

Reading Medication Labels

The Medication Name and Tall Man Lettering

Chapter 13: Dosage Calculation Using the Ratio and Proportion Method

Use of Ratio and Proportion in Dosage Calculation

Chapter 14: Dosage Calculation Using the Formula Method

Formula for Calculating Dosages

Using the Formula Method

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

CHAPTER REVIEW

ANSWERS

Chapter 15: Dosage Calculation Using the Dimensional Analysis Method

Understanding the Basics of Dimensional Analysis

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Dosage Calculation Using Dimensional Analysis

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

CHAPTER REVIEW

Unit Four: Oral and Parenteral Dosage Forms and Insulin

Introduction to Oral and Parenteral Dosage Forms and Insulin

Chapter 16: Oral Medications

Forms of Solid Oral Medications

Calculating Oral Liquids

Measuring Oral Liquids

Chapter 17: Parenteral Medications

Parenteral Medication Packaging

Reading Parenteral Labels

Medications Labeled in Percentage Strengths

Solutions Expressed in Ratio Strength

Medications Measured in Units

Medications in Milliequivalents

Guidelines for Calculating and Rounding Parenteral Medications

Calculating Injectable Medications

Calculating Dosages for Medications in Units

Mixing Medications in the Same Syringe

Chapter 18: Reconstitution of Solutions

Basic Principles for Reconstitution

Reconstituting Medications With More Than One Direction for Mixing (Multiple Strength Reconstitution)

Reconstitution From Package Insert Directions and Medications With Different Reconstitution Directions Depending on Route of Administration

Medications With Instructions to “See Accompanying Literature” (Package Insert) for Reconstitution and Administration

Calculation of Dosages

Reconstitution of Noninjectable Solutions

Chapter 19: Insulin

Introduction

Types of Insulin

Labels

Insulin Action Times

Appearance of Insulin

Insulin Administration

Insulin Orders

Current Recommendations Regarding Use of the Sliding Scale

Preparing a Single Dosage of Insulin in an Insulin Syringe

Measuring Two Types of Insulin in the Same Syringe

Unit Five: Intravenous, Heparin, and Critical Care Calculations and Pediatric and Adult Calculations Based on Weight

Introduction to Intravenous, Heparin, and Critical Care Calculations and Pediatric and Adult Calculations Based on Weight

Chapter 20: Intravenous Solutions and Equipment

IV Delivery Methods

IV Solutions

Administration of IV Fluids

Chapter 21: Intravenous Calculations

IV Flow Rate Calculation

Manually Regulated IVs

Calculating Flow Rates in Drops Per Minute Using a Formula and Dimensional Analysis

Dimensional Analysis

Calculation of IV Flow Rates Using a Shortcut Method

Calculating IV Flow Rates Using a Dial-Flow Controller

Calculating Intermittent IV Infusions Piggyback

Determining the Amount of Medication in a Specific Amount of Solution

Determining the Unknown for Time and Volume

Calculating a Problem with an Unknown Using the Formula Method and Dimensional Analysis

Recalculating an IV Flow Rate

Calculating Infusion and Completion Time

Calculating Infusion Time When Rate in mL/hr Is Not Indicated for Large Volumes of Fluid

Calculating Infusion Time for Small Volumes of Fluid

Monitoring the Infusion of IV Solutions

Charting IV Therapy

IV Push Medications

Administration of Medications by IV Push

Chapter 22: Heparin Calculations

Heparin Errors

Heparin Administration

Heparin Dosage Strengths

Other Anticoagulant Medications

Reading Heparin Labels

Calculation of Subcutaneous Dosages

Calculation of IV Heparin Solutions

Calculating Heparin Dosages Based on Weight

NGN Case Study

Chapter 23: Critical Care Calculations

Calculating Rate in mL/hr

Calculating Critical Care Dosages per Hour or per Minute

Medications Ordered in Milligrams per Minute

Calculating Dosages Based on mcg/kg/min

IV Flow Rates for Titrated Medications

Developing a Titration Table

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

CLINICAL REASONING

NGN Case Study

CHAPTER REVIEW

ANSWERS

Chapter 24: Pediatric and Adult Dosage Calculations Based on Weight

Older Adults (Geriatrics)

Pediatric Medication Dosages

Principles Relating to Basic Calculations

Calculation of Dosages Based on Body Weight

Converting Pounds to Kilograms

Converting Kilograms to Pounds

Converting Grams to Kilograms

Single-Dose Medications

Single-Dose Range Medications

Calculating Daily Doses

Adult Dosages Based on Body Weight

Calculating Dosages Using Body Surface Area

Use of a Nomogram to Determine BSA

Calculating BSA Using a Formula

Dosage Calculation Based on BSA

IV Therapy and Children

Calculating IV Medications Using a Volume Control Set

Calculation of Daily Fluid Maintenance

Pediatric Oral and Parenteral Medications

NGN Case Study

Comprehensive Post-Test

ANSWERS

Appendix Table of Contents

References

Introduction to Appendix Table of Contents

Apothecary System

FDA and ISMP Lists of Look-Alike Drug Names With Recommended Tall Man Letters

TJC “Do Not Use” List of Abbreviations

ISMP List of Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations

ISMP List of High-Alert Medications in Acute Care Settings

ISMP List of High-Alert Medications in Community/Ambulatory Health Care

Index

Drug Label Index

Commonly Used Medication Abbreviations

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