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A Concise Introduction to Logic 13th Edition, ISBN-13: 978-1305958098

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A Concise Introduction to Logic 13th Edition by Patrick J. Hurley, ISBN-13: 978-1305958098
[PDF eBook eTextbook]

736 pages
Publisher: Cengage Learning; 13 edition (January 1, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1305958098
ISBN-13: 978-1305958098

Over a million students have learned to be more discerning at constructing and evaluating arguments with the help of A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC, 13th Edition. The text’s clear, friendly, thorough presentation has made it the most widely used logic text in North America. The book shows you how the content connects to real-life problems and gives you everything you need to do well in your logic course. Doing well in logic improves your skills in ways that translate to other courses you take, your everyday life, and your future career.

Table of contents:

Cover……Page 1
Brief Contents……Page 5
Contents……Page 6
Preface……Page 12
Why Study Logic?……Page 23
1.1 Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions……Page 26
1.2 Recognizing Arguments……Page 39
1.3 Deduction and Induction……Page 58
1.4 Validity, Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency……Page 70
1.5 Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity……Page 84
1.6 Extended Arguments……Page 92
2.1 Varieties of Meaning……Page 106
2.2 The Intension and Extension of Terms……Page 117
2.3 Definitions and Their Purposes……Page 122
2.4 Definitional Techniques……Page 131
2.5 Criteria for Lexical Definitions……Page 142
3.1 Fallacies in General……Page 150
3.2 Fallacies of Relevance……Page 153
3.3 Fallacies of Weak Induction……Page 172
3.4 Fallacies of Presumption, Ambiguity, and Illicit Transference……Page 190
3.5 Fallacies in Ordinary Language……Page 212
4.1 The Components of Categorical Propositions……Page 231
4.2 Quality, Quantity, and Distribution……Page 235
4.3 Venn Diagrams and the Modern Square of Opposition……Page 240
4.4 Conversion, Obversion, and Contraposition……Page 254
4.5 The Traditional Square of Opposition……Page 265
4.6 Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint……Page 277
4.7 Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form……Page 285
5.1 Standard Form, Mood, and Figure……Page 299
5.2 Venn Diagrams……Page 307
5.3 Rules and Fallacies……Page 321
5.4 Reducing the Number of Terms……Page 330
5.5 Ordinary Language Arguments……Page 333
5.6 Enthymemes……Page 337
5.7 Sorites……Page 343
6.1 Symbols and Translation……Page 352
6.2 Truth Functions……Page 366
6.3 Truth Tables for Propositions……Page 379
6.4 Truth Tables for Arguments……Page 389
6.5 Indirect Truth Tables……Page 396
6.6 Argument Forms and Fallacies……Page 406
7.1 Rules of Implication I……Page 428
7.2 Rules of Implication II……Page 441
7.3 Rules of Replacement I……Page 451
7.4 Rules of Replacement II……Page 465
7.5 Conditional Proof……Page 478
7.6 Indirect Proof……Page 485
7.7 Proving Logical Truths……Page 491
8.1 Symbols and Translation……Page 495
8.2 Using the Rules of Inference……Page 505
8.3 Quantifier Negation Rule……Page 518
8.4 Conditional and Indirect Proof……Page 523
8.5 Proving Invalidity……Page 530
8.6 Relational Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers……Page 537
8.7 Identity……Page 548
9.1 Analogical Reasoning……Page 565
9.2 Legal Reasoning……Page 568
9.3 Moral Reasoning……Page 572
10.1 “Cause” and Necessary and Sufficient Conditions……Page 585
10.2 Mill’s Five Methods……Page 587
10.3 Mill’s Methods and Science……Page 597
11.1 Theories of Probability……Page 610
11.2 The Probability Calculus……Page 614
12.1 Evaluating Statistics……Page 629
12.2 Samples……Page 630
12.3 The Meaning of “Average”……Page 634
12.4 Dispersion……Page 636
12.5 Graphs and Pictograms……Page 641
12.6 Percentages……Page 644
13.1 The Hypothetical Method……Page 652
13.2 Hypothetical Reasoning: Four Examples from Science……Page 655
13.3 The Proof of Hypotheses……Page 661
13.4 The Tentative Acceptance of Hypotheses……Page 664
14.1 Distinguishing between Science and Superstition……Page 671
14.2 Evidentiary Support……Page 672
14.3 Objectivity……Page 677
14.4 Integrity……Page 682
14.5 Concluding Remarks……Page 686
Answers to Selected Exercises……Page 701
Glossary/Index……Page 745

About the Author

Patrick Hurley received his bachelor’s degree in mathematics (with a second major in philosophy and a physics minor) from Gonzaga University in 1964 and his Ph.D. in philosophy of science with an emphasis in history of philosophy from Saint Louis University in 1973. In 1972, he began teaching at the University of San Diego, where his courses included logic, philosophy of science, metaphysics, process philosophy, and legal ethics. In 1987, he received his J.D. from the University of San Diego, and he is currently a member of the California Bar Association. He retired from teaching in 2008, but continues his research and writing, including work on A Concise Introduction to Logic. His interests include music, art, opera, environmental issues, fishing, and skiing. He is married to Dr. Linda Peterson, who retired from teaching philosophy at the University of San Diego in 2015.

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